Water conservation is not an end in itself. Key organizations such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1998), U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (1997), and the American Water Works Association (1995; 2002) all place water conservation in the context of overall water management, as do leading experts in the water conservation field (Vickers 2001). Conservation can enable a local water provider to meet its obligations with regard to supplying adequate, reliable water to its customers while minimizing costs and protecting the environment. Water conservation can help a water supplier and the community it serves to:
Given that water conservation should be considered in the larger context of sound water management, water conservation planning needs to be integrated into as many aspects of local water resources planning as possible. This Guidance Document and Model Plan, therefore, provide a process and template with instructions for use to support meaningful water conservation planning through the integration of water conservation planning with water supply planning.
1. Stop the Leaks
2. Replace the Old Toilets
3. Replace the Old Washing Machine
4. Plant the Right Plants
5. Water Only What Your Plants Need